Fibroids, also known as uterine fibroids or fibroid tumours, are very common, affecting about one woman in three over 30, usually before menopause ( Don’t panic about the use of the word tumour these are benign tumours not cancerous. Many women have fibroids without suffering any symptoms. Others may suffer heavy periods, pelvic pressure, cramping and pain, difficulty emptying the bladder difficulty conceiving and then sustaining a pregnancy during the early months.
The womb (uterus) is a collection of muscles. Sometimes a part of this muscle forms a round ball, or fibroid, as small as a pea or as large as a grapefruit here may be one or more, on the wall of the womb, in the middle of the muscle, or hanging in the cavity. The cause of fibroids is not clear but is believed to be linked to levels of oestrogen. At menopause, fibroids usually shrink.
Period pain occurs because the womb is a sensitive organ that contracts during periods, childbirth and at times of stress. Fibroids interfere with this contractile function: the muscles get “angry” and may tighten violently.
Fibroids can affect the inner lining (endometrium) of the womb so that the fertilised egg can’t implant properly. This may cause bleeding, miscarriage and/or interfere with pregnancy. It may also put the foetus at risk. I have however, known women with smaller fibroids even a cluster, have normal pregnancies.
Long periods may not actually be menstruation but a condition caused by the fibroids. The blood supply to the endometrium is carried by small blood vessels which pass through the muscular layer (myometrium). Every cycle, periods finish when the myometrium contracts, squeezing the blood vessels to form clots that stop the bleeding.
Fibroids prevent all the muscles contracting so that some blood vessels clot only after several days or weeks, although the womb lining has been entirely expelled. Big fibroids may, cause heavy bleeding because they put greater pressure on the blood vessels. Fibroids rarely disappear on their own. In a very few cases, homoeopathy and reflexology have helped.
Reflexology has also been shown to help endometriosis. I advise you to talk to your gynaecologist about partial resection (surgery ) of the fibroids. This is a new technique in which laser beams cut the fibroids precisely, causing minimum trauma and scar tissue formation.
Treatments for heavy periods:
For problems with excessive bleeding, which may lead to anaemia, fatigue and other problems.
- Don’t take over- the –counter painkillers: they cause the blood to thin.
- Protect your liver, because it produces most of the clotting factors: avoid fried, oily and dairy foods, alcohol, antibiotics, the pill, HRT, and any drugs that may affect the liver (your GP can provide a full list).
- Eat sufficient protein and fresh fruit and vegetables to protect against anaemia: spinach, calf’s liver, pomegranates, aubergines and black strap molasses are good for building up the blood.
If the bleeding is heavy and lasts for more than five days with no sign of stopping. I suggest you take the following after the fifth day of bleeding:
- Homoeopathic remedies:Lachesis 30 and Sepia 30 tablets: two tablets of each to be dissolved on the tongue three times daily for three days, and up to five days if the bleeding doesn’t cease.
- Unani remedy: Qurs Bandish Khoon, to help stop the bleeding one tablet daily for five to seven days.
- Ayurvedic remedy: Styplon, one tablet daily for ten days.